ONE set to become world’s fifth-largest box carrier

JAPANESE container line grouping Ocean Network Express is on course to start operations on April 1, 2018 and will become the world’s fifth-largest box carrier — and potentially a more dominant influence within shipping consortium The Alliance — if the current containership orderbook remains unchanged, according to Drewry.


The container shipping analyst said carrier consolidation was “moving apace” with the merger of the three Japanese container lines, noting that the opportunities for further mergers and acquisitions among the top-20 carriers “receding with each new deal”. Nevertheless, Drewry said that a second wave involving medium-size carriers would follow soon, creating a market “with fewer carriers that in time will become financially stronger”.


When ONE becomes operational, it will be the world’s sixth-largest carrier when measured by containership fleet with close to 1.4m teu, giving it a market share of approximately 7% based on today’s fleet, according to Drewry. Assuming no changes to the orderbook — in terms of new orders or delivery delays — by 2021, it would leapfrog Hapag-Lloyd to become the fifth-largest carrier, the analyst added.


Under the terms of the joint venture agreement — covering only the three companies’ containership activities and non-Japanese terminals — NYK will be the largest shareholder with 38%, while MOL and K Line will both have 31%. The distribution reflects NYK’s greater number of owned ships (active and on order) and terminals (10) that it is putting into the JV, Drewry noted.


Between them, the ONE carriers have seen annual container sales diminish by around 20% since the 2014 peak of $20bn to $15.7bn in calendar-year 2016. Moreover, since 2015, the three lines had suffered some $1bn in collective operating losses from container operations, Drewry said.


The creation of ONE is in keeping with the rising trend of consolidation in the container industry, following on from recent M&A deals involving CMA CGM and APL, Cosco and CSCL, Maersk Line and Hamburg Süd, and Hapag-Lloyd with UASC, Drewry observed.


“As things stand in terms of active and ordered ships, by 2021 when all newbuildings in the system are due to have been delivered, the top five carriers will control a little under 60% of the world’s containership fleet,” it said. “Back in 2005, the same bracket of carriers held around 37%. Come 2021, the top 10 lines will control 80% (55% in 2005) while the three leading carriers in Maersk Line, Mediterranean Shipping Co and CMA CGM, will take about 42% (26% in 2005).”


Nevertheless, there is still room for even more consolidation, which would “very likely give even more control to the elite group at the top”, the analyst added.


“The opportunities for further M&A among Top 20 carriers are receding with each new deal, but there is still a high likelihood that a second wave involving medium-size carriers will follow soon. With fewer carriers that in time will become financially stronger, the pendulum is swinging back towards those that can stick it out.”


The “obvious consequence” of this would be that shippers had fewer options to choose from, Drewry said. “It is the unfortunate price that has to be paid for years of non-compensatory freight rates that have driven carriers to seek safety in numbers, either through bigger alliances and/or mergers and acquisitions.”

Swire Shipping changes in New Zealand and the Pacific

Lloyd’s List Australia

Photo: Swire Shipping general manager – commercial, Brodie Stevens; photo – Jim Wilson


SWIRE Shipping has instituted changes to its services in New Zealand and the Pacific, not the least of which centred around its NZ coastal routes after the Kaikoura earthquake put some logistics infrastructure in the country out of commission.

Swire Shipping general manager – commercial Brodie Stevens told Lloyd’s List Australia that Swire’s coastal arm, Pacifica Shipping, reported strong support in the coastal trades since the earthquake.

“With the rail link temporarily out of action and road capacity under pressure and relatively expensive for some commodities, coastal shipping has proven to be a reliable and sustainable mode,” he said.

“With rail expected to reintroduce services in the coming months, cargo will likely move towards the most sustainable mode in-line with service requirements. Pacifica expects ongoing support for their mode as customers build resilience and proven sustainability into their supply chain frameworks.”

Meanwhile, Swire’s Trans-Tasman Service is in for a change in the next month.

Mr Stevens said Swire had maintained its twice monthly (TRT) service on the Tasman despite challenging conditions, and recently announced changes that would see the service move to a “fixed day fortnightly” schedule.

“In New Zealand, the service will call at Auckland, Marsden Point and Tauranga and has ceased calls to Napier, Lyttelton and Nelson, which will now be serviced by transhipment on other Swire Shipping services,” he said.

“This enhanced service will retain the port calls in Port Kembla and Newcastle but will now include Melbourne and Sydney on a direct call basis with Geelong being serviced on inducement.”

The revised rotation is to be Auckland – Marsden Point – Tauranga – Melbourne – Port Kembla – Sydney – Newcastle – Auckland.

The first westbound sailing of the new service is due on June 25 out of Auckland with the Hong Kong-flagged Kokopo Chief (IMO 8907412), which is a fully cellular containership with a capacity of 725 TEU.

The first eastbound sailing will be from Melbourne on July 8, also with the Kokopo Chief.

Turning our attention north, towards the South Pacific, Swire increased its coverage into the Pacific Islands from North Asia.

“The line now offers up to six services a month from Asia to the Pacific together with services from USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and Europe,” Mr Stevens said.

“Annually the line makes over 450 port calls in the South Pacific, excluding Australia and New Zealand.”

Last year, Swire established offices in Apia, Suva and Lautoka. This coincided with its establishment of a fortnightly service from Australia to Prony Bay, Noumea, Lautoka, Suva, Port Vila and Santo, with transhipment serving other Pacific Island ports.

The service deploys two geared CNCo-type Miho vessels with a nominal capacity of 981 TEU.

Mr Stevens said Swire was moving towards more independent operations in the South Pacific markets.

“Swire has invested in increased tonnage and this has improved its capability across the South Pacific in the multi-purpose, container and project shipping sector,” he said

Extending closure of Manawatu Gorge by at least three more weeks a blow to transport operators

Work is still been done to shore up slips and ensure the safety of the Manawatu Gorge before it reopens. Photo/SuppliedWork is still been done to shore up slips and ensure the safety of the Manawatu Gorge before it reopens. Photo/Supplied

Dannevirke bus company owner Derek Rose is hot under the collar after news the road through the Manawatu Gorge will remain closed for at least three more weeks.

The road has been closed since April 24 because of slips and a dropout and Mr Rose told the Dannevirke News he’s angry there’s been little information in the past week on the state of the road.

“It’s costing everyone and I’ve had enough,” he said. “This isn’t on and I’m not happy with how NZTA [New Zealand Transport Agency] have handled this. They don’t tell us what’s going on and week after week, all we hear is it’s still closed.”

Mr Rose runs two buses a day over the Saddle Rd and he said it’s tough on trucks and heavy vehicles.

“Cars don’t handle it too well either, I had to pull a car out of a drain this morning.”

The Transport Agency has said the road will remain closed while safety works and geotechnical assessments are completed.

Transport Agency highway manager Ross I’Anson said physical repairs, including the installation of new rockfall netting and the reinstatement of a damaged retaining wall, were on track to be completed by the end of this week as planned.

However, further geological assessments of the slip sites were needed to assess the level of potential risk of further slips or rockfalls before the road could be safely opened.

Tararua District mayor Tracey Collis said safety in the gorge was paramount.

“The significance of the slips is always a concern and a number of our residents have known people whose vehicles have been hit with falling rocks,” she said.

“They can be quite scary

“However, I know this wasn’t the news people were expecting and it won’t help the pain people are feeling and I want the NZTA to keep to this three-week date to give businesses a good opportunity to plan forward.”

Mrs Collis said she had travelled over the Saddle Rd and expressed her concern about the state of some parts of the road.

Once the gorge is open she wants work on the Saddle to be completed as soon as possible.

Mr I’Anson said the NZTA was working with its contractors and independent geotechnical engineers to complete the assessments as soon as possible. “But these evaluations must be thorough to ensure the road is safe when it is reopened,” he said.

“While the slips have been cleared and the road has been repaired at both sites, the slips have altered the rock faces above the road and we need to thoroughly assess any additional risks the newly exposed rock might pose for road users.

“The recent slips have resulted in new cracking in the rock faces on either side of the slips and we need to identify if there is a risk of additional rock falling on to the road and, most importantly, what additional work may be required to provide further protection for road users.

“The geology of the gorge is complex and these assessments must be very thorough to address that complexity.”

Mr I’Anson said it would not be known what, if any, additional work might be required until the geological assessments were completed, a process expected to take up to three weeks. “We understand how frustrating the current situation in the gorge is and we know the significant impact it is having for road users, businesses and residents, but the safety of road users is paramount.”

He said that in parallel with the geological assessments of the gorge slip sites, NZTA would be progressing with the detailed business case process to look at all of the options available to provide a long-term, resilient and safe connection through the Ruahine/Tararua Ranges.

“This is a very significant route which forms a strong link into the central freight hub of the Manawatu and provides vital connections for people in the region. The NZTA is focused on providing strong, resilient transport links that contribute to the region’s economic growth and prosperity,” he said.

Mrs Collis said she and other regional mayors would be pushing for a long-term solution.
“We will be making sure the gorge funding is a priority in regional and national transport plans.”

The New Zealand First deputy leader, Ron Mark, in Dannevirke yesterday morning for a breakfast meeting, said he didn’t understand why it was taking so long to come up with a solution to the continuing problems with the Manawatu Gorge.

“The gorge is the lifeblood connection for Tararua and it’s strategic for the nation,” he said. “After all the work which has been done and all the money poured into the gorge, we need solutions.”

Mr Mark said he believed a cut-and-cover option might be the best, but he’d also like to see a feasibility study on a tunnel.

“Connectivity is important for regional development and I look around at all the money being flicked into Auckland. The Government needs to be pushed like hell to put money into a final solution for the gorge.”

Meanwhile Mrs Collis has accepted an invitation to take a look in the gorge as soon as possible.

Hawkes Bay Today

Lower speeds to stay on alternative highway until State Highway 1 reopens

Temporary speed reductions on the alternative highway will remain in place until SH1 is repaired. (file photo)
 Speed reductions on sections of the alternative route between Christchurch and Picton will remain in place until State Highway 1 is repaired.

The New Zealand Transport Agency (NZTA) on Monday confirmed the temporary speed reductions, which were introduced after the SH6/63/65/7 route became the top of the South Island’s main trunk line following last November’s earthquake.

The changes were made because the alternative route is much more challenging to drive than the road it replaces, and traffic on the route has increased dramatically.

There has been a huge increase in heavy traffic on the alternate highway since the November earthquake.

There has been a huge increase in heavy traffic on the alternate highway since the November earthquake.
 There have been five deaths on the road since the earthquake. The change in conditions has caused several longhaul truck drivers to quit, while one truck company has reduced speed limits for drivers.

The NZTA received nearly 300 submissions on the speed reduction proposal. The majority were in favour of lower speeds through townships on the route, but less positive about those sections of open road that had been reduced to 80kmh.

Though submissions supported lower speeds through townships, they were less positive about speed reductions on stretches ...

Though submissions supported lower speeds through townships, they were less positive about speed reductions on stretches of open road. (File photo)
 In a statement, NZTA regional relationships director Jim Harland said there was not high support for lower speeds at all sites, but reverting to pre-quake speeds would be irresponsible.

“However, once SH1 becomes fully operational and traffic volumes have reduced to a stable level we will review speed limits on the alternate route again. Ideally this would be within six months of SH1 reopening, but it will depend on traffic volumes.”

Harland said the submissions raised concerns about travel times and limited passing opportunities.

The alternative route will be the South Island's main road until SH1 is repaired, which is expected to be before Christmas.

The alternative route will be the South Island’s main road until SH1 is repaired, which is expected to be before Christmas.
 “To date $1.5 million has been invested in slow vehicle bays and pull-over areas on the alternate route, and work is underway now to construct 20 more of these areas. However, in light of feedback, the Transport Agency will investigate whether more slow vehicle bays and pull-over areas could be built.”

He said the perception the lower speed limits had significantly increased travel time was incorrect, with the lower limits increasing travel time by less than two minutes between Christchurch and Picton.

The temporary limits were introduced under emergency legislation, which can only be in place for six months legally. A new bylaw replacing the temporary limits will be in place by June 18.

SH1 is expected to be reopened before Christmas.

Consultation also included proposals to lower speed limits on parts of the Lower Buller Gorge. These received low support, so will not be taken further.

 – Stuff

Record one million containers through Port of Tauranga in one year

The Port of Tauranga has set a new record after processing one million shipping containers in one year.

Chief executive Mark Cairns said the was a momentous occasion was reached on Tuesday last week.

“We are the first port in New Zealand to reach the milestone”.

”We have gone from a small, insignificant regional port to the largest port in New Zealand by a good margin.”

According to Statistics NZ, the Port of Tauranga was the largest port by volume in the country.

The Port of Tauranga had spent $350 million on a 10-year capital investment programme to enable it to become ”big ship” capable. The upgrade was beginning to pay dividends, Mr Cairns said.

”It has been a good year and a relief to get the dredging programme done as 6 million cubic metres of material was excavated off the sea floor. There is a lot of risks involved with earthmoving and even more when it’s under water.”

Ships that can hold 9,500 containers are coming into the Port weekly to load New Zealand export cargoes which are shipped directly to North Asia.

”They are double the size that was previously calling into New Zealand, and we are getting those ships sooner than we expected.”

”These shipping lines are only calling into Tauranga, and they aren’t calling into any other New Zealand or Australian Port with these large vessels.”

About 41 per cent of New Zealand’s total exports by value flowed through the Port of Tauranga, Mr Cairns said. The primary products included dairy, meat, forestry, paper, linea boards, pulp, kiwifruit,

At any one time, there would be more than 2000 people working at the port, which had increased along with the trade through the Port, Mr Cairns said.

In August the Port would also announce its financial results and estimates indicated the 2015/16, $79m profit would be surpassed.

”Our best estimate to the market is $79m to $83m, so we are confident we will have an increase in profitability that is matched in trade by hitting the million-containers cargo mark.”

Mr Cairns said he was looking forward to celebrating with customers and major stakeholders at a function on Tuesday.

Priority One chief executive Nigel Tutt said the port was ”an extremely important asset for the city’s economy”.

”Its strength is an important driver of business growth and a key competitive advantage in the attraction of new business to the city – we see that on a weekly basis.”

The success it had following its bold expansion programme shows investment for the future could pay dividends for the port and the wider region, he said.

”It also places us in an excellent position for the future.”

Businesses would also benefit by the bigger ships.

”Ships of that size offer local businesses excellent efficiency and time to market for their existing customers and access to new markets that they simply wouldn’t have otherwise.”

Tauranga City Council Mayor Greg Brownless said the port was well run and competitive.

Its impact on the region’s employment, directly and indirectly, was enormous and great for the community, he said.

Japan to launch self-navigating cargo ships ’by 2025’


Japanese shipping companies are working with shipbuilders to develop self-piloting cargo ships.

The “smart ships” will use artificial intelligence to plot the safest, shortest, most fuel-efficient routes, and could be in service by 2025.

The AI will also be used to predict malfunctions and other problems, which could help reduce the number of maritime incidents.

The companies plan to build about 250 self-navigating ships.

Sharing data

Developing the technology is expected to cost tens of billions of yen (hundreds of millions of dollars).
Shipping firms Mitsui OSK Lines and Nippon Yusen are working with shipbuilders including Japan Marine United to share both costs and expertise, according to the Nikkei Asian Review.

Nippon Yusen has already been working on technology to enable ships to use data to assess collision risks. It is also working with Norwegian maritime company DNV GL to collect and analyse data on vessel condition and performance.

Japan Marine has been developing a similar data analysis system with the aim of diagnosing breakdowns before they happen.


The first ships will retain a small crew to oversee certain operations, but there are plans to develop completely autonomous vessels in the future.

In 2016, Rolls-Royce announced plans to develop unmanned cargo ships, starting with remote-controlled vessels that could be operational as soon as 2020.

“This is happening. It’s not if, it’s when,” Rolls-Royce vice president of marine innovation Oskar Levander said at the time.

“We will see a remote-controlled ship in commercial use by the end of the decade.”

Navigation and basic operations will be automated, while a human “captain” based on shore will continue to look after “critical decision-making”.

Source (BBC):

Protesters blockading Tauranga Harbour

NZHerald 15 Jun, 2017 9:59am

A flotilla of boats is blocking the shipping lane of Tauranga Harbour.

In a statement, Ngai Te Rangi iwi said the protesters signalled to the port authorities they would not give way to any commercial vessel attempting to cross their lines.

The flotilla controller also signalled that recreational boats will not be impeded.

The protest was not aimed at the Port of Tauranga, the statement said, but aimed to assure the Prime Minister and Minister of Treaty Negotiations that Ngai Te Rangi would not accept any Crown deal giving rights to Tauranga Moana to a Hauraki collective of iwi and hapu.

In the statement, Ngai Te Rangi claimed Treaty Negotiations Minister Chris Finlayson was pushing through a secret deal that would give those rights to the Hauraki iwi collective.

Further action was planned for Saturday June 17.

Ngai Te Rangi planned long term protests and is setting up a base camp on Matakana Island.

A reporter at Pilot Bay said a waka in the harbour had failed to stop a ship entering the port.

A spokesperson for Minister for Treaty of Waitangi Negotiations Chris Finlayson told the Bay of Plenty Times there had been no secret deal.

“It is simply wrong. No secret deal has been made.”

The spokesperson said proposed arrangements for the Tauranga Moana Governance Group, part of the Tauranga Moana Framework, provided for four seats for Tauranga Moana iwi (this includes Ngai Te Rangi), one seat for iwi of Hauraki (and any other iwi with recognised interests in the Tauranga Moana catchment) and five seats for local government.

The Waitangi Tribunal confirmed in 2004 that iwi of Hauraki had customary interests in Tauranga Moana, particularly in the Te Puna and Katikati area, the spokesperson said.

“The Minister also understands there are rumours of a deed signing for Pare Hauraki. No date has been set for any such signing. Officials informed Tauranga iwi of that fact last week.”

The Hauraki Collective Redress Deed, which was initialled in December, is available to view online at

Nelson ships clear on smoke emissions despite pollution concerns

Container vessel 'Maersk Jalan' billows smoke into the atmosphere at Port Nelson while uploading containers back in May.

Braden Fastier/Fairfax NZ
Container vessel ‘Maersk Jalan’ billows smoke into the atmosphere at Port Nelson while uploading containers back in May.
 As the Government mulls whether to join an international agreement on marine air pollution, Nelson’s shipping authority says it has the issue well-monitored.

Port Nelson harbourmaster David Duncan said the port welcomed more than 800 vessel visits annually.

Duncan said while it had regulations in place to control marine pollution outside of the Resource Management Act, none were specifically targeted at the emissions from ships.

“There is nowhere currently in NZ legislation [that] this captured. However Port Nelson does monitor, and communicates to vessels, where we believe a discharge to air is excessive and expects issues to be remedied.”

Such occurrences were “very infrequent”, and any concerns had been promptly remedied, he said.

At a national level, the port also held regular discussions with the NZ Port Environmental Managers Forum.

Annex VI of the international agreement known as MARPOL covers the prevention of pollution from ships and came into force in 2005. However, New Zealand is not one of the 86 signatory nations.

Victoria University’s Dr Bevan Marten said in March the fact New Zealand was not a signatory, and its lack of action over air pollution from shipping, was “an international embarrassment.”

Marten said air quality monitoring in Auckland, Tauranga and Wellington suggested shipping was a key source of sulphur dioxide emissions. The burning of bunker fuel oil was a significant source of nitrogen oxides and fine particulates, which were known to be carcinogenic.

Duncan was reluctant to say whether or not NZ signing onto Annex VI would be a worthwhile undertaking.

“We do not believe it appropriate to comment … as this requires considerable investigation, consultation and operational change within the Transport and Shipping Industry.”

A 2012  report estimated that 95 per cent of harmful emissions in New Zealand were generated by sources such as domestic fires, motor vehicles, industry and open burning.

Ministry of Transport’s Gavin Middleton said work has begun to assess the implications including the costs and benefits of signing up to Annex VI.

“We are in the early stages of planning, but note that advice to government will be informed by a formal engagement process with interested stakeholders.”

According to the Ministry of Transport’s website, in 2011 New Zealand domestic shipping was responsible for producing 300,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions.

NZ shipping pollution lawsallowed discharge of contaminants that is “incidental to, or derived from, or generated” during specified operations of a ship, including heat exchange systems

Air discharges from ship exhausts are permitted under the Resource Management Act 1991 and regional plans cannot make rules that restrict these discharges.


 – Stuff

Mainfreight boss calls for national transport strategy

The country’s political leaders must up their game and deliver better long-term transport and infrastructure planning, according to the head of the country’s biggest freight company.

Train stuck between in a tunnel between slips.

A train is trapped in a tunnel between landslips after November’s Kaikōura earthquake. Photo: RNZ / Rebekah Parsons-King

Mainfreight managing director Don Braid said politicians – local and national – have failed to take the initiative to plan adequately for the future.

Mainfreight managing director Don Braid

Don Braid Photo: Supplied

“We have not reacted as a country to the increase in population growth and the tourism numbers, out infrastructure is poorly set up and government and councils are only just coming to grips to what they need to do,” he told RNZ.

Mr Braid said the transport network’s vulnerability was shown by the Kaikōura earthquake’s impact on road and rail links, and it was the revival of coastal shipping that minimised the disruption.

He said an example of the lack of investment in key services was the treatment of KiwiRail in the latest budget, with funding for new engines and other hardware limited to a two-year timeframe.

“We need to be planning 30 years out, and making investments early.

“Around the Cabinet table I think there’s an aversion to want to think about any sort of integrated transport philosophy for both freight and transport … but we need to be thinking more seriously about it.”

The comments come as a delegation of engineers in Beijing said China was the answer to Auckland’s transport problems.

Warren Hills of Babbage Consultants said New Zealand needed to tap into the expertise of the Chinese workforce, if it was to meet the demands of an unprecedented infrastructure building programme.

Has Auckland Transport found the answer to the city’s traffic problems?

Auckland Transport has joined forces with global technology giant Microsoft in a bid to make the gruelling daily commute a walk in the park.

With an estimated 800 new cars on Auckland’s roads every day and growing frustration at traffic jams, AT hopes the new system will allow it make real-time, informed decisions to improve travel for everyone.

The partnership aims for

• One nationwide payment method that can be used to for buses, ferries and trains.

• The same method to pay for bike lockers – a box in which a bike can be placed and locked in – at some bus and train stations.

• Up-to-date information on traffic delays and accidents using data from public transport users, traffic cameras, loops (sensors installed in the road to detect vehicles), counters for bikes on the road network, and realtime tracking of bus, train and ferry positions.

• Tailored information on the AT app which will tell commuters of delays and incidents and suggest alternative routes or travel methods.

AT’s chief technology officer Roger Jones said one of the main goals is to allow customers to make an informed decision about their best choice of transport on a daily basis, through the new AT Mobile app.

“The vision is, if you’re sitting at home in the morning wondering how you should get to work and you’re not sure if it’s going to rain or not or you’re not sure if things are running on time or not, the app will inform you about your best choice of transport… and the expected timeline.

“The real impact is people expect to be able to travel round the city quickly and efficiently and today a lot of people do that by cars. We will replace that over time with other modes of transport that will get them there just as efficiently and just quickly and cheaper.”

Jones said otherwise Aucklanders are “going to grind ourselves to a gridlock”.

He gave an example of someone catching a ferry and then a bus to get home at night but, because of bad weather, the ferry is running late.

“Do we hold the bus at the end and wait for the ferry connection or not?” he said.

“Currently that’s not managed so what we want to do is manage that because we will know from our customer database and the data we have, how many passengers we have on the ferry and how many of those passengers are likely to catch the bus.

“So we will be able to make informed decisions about making the bus stay and wait for those passenger ferries.”

The proposed changes are expected to be gradually rolled out over the next two to three years.

Jones said trials were also in progress of a system that would allow people to use one account for all forms of transport, nationwide.

“Ultimately where we want to get to is your transport is seamless, not only in Auckland but around the country, and your payment for that is seamless.”

Microsoft New Zealand’s chief digital advisor Mark Butterworth said AT will make travelling easier by using artificial intelligence based on information such as who the commuter is, where they are trying to go and what is happening on the network.

“One of the features we hope for is we can predict in advance what your journey will be across the modes so you can plan your days better.

“The way [AT] is engaging with customers and trying to make a digital city is certainly right on the edge of all the cities that [Microsoft] see around the world. So, we want to learn from Auckland and this experience in Auckland to help us help other customers,” said Butterworth.

Herald on Sunday